Wednesday, 29 September 2010

29.09.2010 bis

He bund da mare
Wi' her ain hair.

Hair Bound with Red Wool 
Photographic documentation



"O, it's de dad-blame' witches..."
- Nat
The witch can be a man but is more frequently a woman. She is normally an old hag but can change form, becoming any living creature - a frog, an insect, a black cat. Her purpose is not so much murder as torment; she brings about poor health, misfortune, and mischief. One means to this end is riding. When she wishes to ride someone, a witch enters the house of her sleeping victim, slips a bit into his mouth and the nightmare begins. You know you've been ridden when you wake up fatigued and depressed, often with bit marks at the corner of the mouth and lashes on the back from her whip.

Because the witch plaits the victim's hair into stirrups, one way to prevent a riding is to tie your hair with thread. As she must shed her skin before riding, sharp objects left in her path will thwart her by catching on her empty skin, preventing her from re-entering it. There is a close connection between witches and horses; therefore hanging horseshoes over windows and doors and throughout the house keeps away the unwelcome visitor. Some believe that the witch is forced to travel all the roads that the horseshoe had traveled before she could enter the house. Daylight and safety will arrive before she's finished the route.

Witches also have a counting instinct which forces them to count all that they see. So a witch-riding can be avoided by leaving items in her path - a sieve, she will be forced to count all the holes; a broom, she will count all the straws. Some people scatter mustard seeds or sand throughout the house. The witch is caught before she has time to count each grain.


Thursday, 23 September 2010


Moon lore, 

The servant maid Grete also, a living book of fairy tales among her people, explains 
the moon wandering as nothing else than the result of an unsatisfied sense desire. There was a young knight who had wooed a rich woman of gentle birth. Shortly before midnight they were both led into the bridal chamber. “Yet hardly were they alone together when a strange voice outside before the castle called, ‘Conrad, come down here! Conrad, come down here!’ And again it called, ‘Conrad, come down here!’ The voice sounded so plaintive and at the same time so threatening. The bridegroom said, ‘That is my best friend; he is in need and calls me.’ The maiden said however, ‘The voice belongs to my cousin, who was found dead two years ago.’ Then she shuddered so that the gooseflesh stood up over her whole body,” and she implored her bridegroom not to follow the evil spirit or at least to remain with her until the ghostly hour was past and the full moon was up. But he would not be restrained: “Be it an evil spirit or a good, no one shall call me in vain!” “And he went out. The lady went to the window but could see nothing for the darkness outside and for the tears in her eyes. Then the haunted hour was over and the full moon arose and she waited and waited, but the knight never returned. Thereupon she swore to take no rest on a night when the moon was full until she had gone to bed with her bridegroom. And as her first bridegroom never and nevermore came back, so she waited for another, but there was no one who knew her story who would woo her, because each one thought it would fare with him as it had fared with that other. Thus she died; her oath is however still unfulfilled. Whenever it is full moon, she is looking out to see if any bridegroom comes and she laments sorely, and holds her hands weeping toward the moon.”

Source: Sleep Walking and Moon Walking, A Medico-Literary Study, by Dr. J. Sadger  (Vienna), New York and Washington Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Company, 1920


Autumn Equinox, Full Moon
22.09.2010 -23.09.2010

Night Photos

Friday, 17 September 2010

17.09.2010 bis

purgatory: "infernalpunishments are purgatory and medicinal."
photographic documentation (salt, water,honey)


Credenze popolari 
( Campania – zona dell’Irpinia )

Rovesciare il sale sul tavolo non porta soltanto disgrazie a scadenza immediata, ma chi lo rovescia, dopo morto sarà condannato per 7 anni, in purgatorio, a raccoglierlo con le ciglia. Granello per granello.

Popular beliefs
(Campagna, around Irpinia)
Spilling salt on the table not only brings immediate bad luck, but, who ever has spilled it will be condemned for 7 years, in purgatory, to gather it up with their eyelashes. Grain by grain

purgatory |ˈpərgəˌtôrē|noun ( pl. -ries)(in Roman Catholic doctrine) a place or state ofsuffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who areexpiating their sins before going to heaven.• mental anguish or suffering this was purgatory, worse than anything she'd faced in her life.adjective archaichaving the quality of cleansing or purifying infernalpunishments are purgatory and medicinal.DERIVATIVESpurgatorial |ˌpərgəˈtôrēəl| adjectiveORIGIN Middle English : from Anglo-Norman Frenchpurgatorie or medieval Latin purgatoriumneuter(used as a nounof late Latin purgatorius purifying,’from the verb purgare (see purge ).

Monday, 13 September 2010


A Slavic version of mare (mora), as in nightmare.

Bukovica, Narodni Zivot i Obicaji / (Bukovica, Folk Life and Customs)
by Vladimir Ardalic
(published in 1899; 1900, 1902)
(The text is a)antique; b) in dialect; c)in cyrillic.)


"The name mora comes from 'to be racked/ to lie heavy upon' (morenje), when a being (child, person) is assailed, it would be said, now he will tire (umoriti). People believe, there is this, that, and other, but for the mora, they mostly hold she exists. A male can not be a mora, nor a morac.(My note: male version of mora)"

..."Mora(s) are born from witches, and then, not even from them: which ever child is born in a blue placenta, each one becomes a mora. While she is a mora, she cannot be a witch nor eat hearts, but can only weigh on young children." ...

... "One can recognise, who is a mora, because she has faintly dark hairs on her upper lip. As soon as she gets married, she immediately becomes a witch. "

..."Who eats a lot of onions, the mora won't go to him; some even rub themselves at night, upon going to sleep, with onion."

"The best to do, upon seeing either a witch or a mora, is to extend horns after her, or, with the index finger of the left and right hands, make the sign of the cross, and look at her above it, wether she be with her front or back turned to you."

How to deal with a Mora or a Witch
Villnachern, 14:00h-15:00h

Wednesday, 8 September 2010

08.09.2010 alptraum

Performance documentation

08.09.2010 bis

The mare in nightmare is not a female horse, but a mara, an Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse term for a demon that sat on sleepers' chests, causing them to have bad dreams.
Dialect variants, as explained below, include the forms mara, mahr, mahrtmårt, and others.
In High German, the demon who causes bad dreams is most often called an Alp, a word that is etymologically related to elf.
A mare-induced bad dream is called a nightmare in English, martröð (mare-ride) in Anglo-Saxon and Icelandic, mareridt (mare-ride) in Danish, mareritt (mare-ride) in Norwegian, and Alpdruck (alp-pressure) orAlptraum (alp-dream) in German.

Some people have laid a hackle [an iron-toothed comb for the preparation of flax] on their bodies in order to keep alps away, but an alp often turns it over, pressing the points into the sleeper's body.

If you don't move your chair before going to sleep, the mare will ride it during the night. They like to give people hair-snarls (called whole-grain braids or mare braids), by sucking on their hair then braiding it.

Source: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm,  Der AlpDeutsche Sagen (1816/1818), no. 81.



Two Nightmare Charms or Spells against the Mara

Shetland Islands (Unst)

Pulling from my head the longest hair it possessed, and then going through the pantomime of binding a refractory animal, the nurse slowly chanted this spell:
De man o' meicht
He rod a' neicht
We nedder swird
Nor faerd nor leicht,
He socht da mare,
He fand da mare,
He band da mare
Wi' his ain hair,
An' made her swear
By midder's meicht,
Dat shö wad never bide a neicht
What he had rod, dat man o' meicht.
There are different versions of this incantation, and I [Mrs. Saxby] forget which it was that the old nurse used on the occasion mentioned. Therefore I have given the one which is most familiar to me.


Shetland Islands

Arthur Knight
He rade a' night,
Wi' open swird
An' candle light.
He sought da mare;
He fan' da mare;
He bund da mare
Wi' her ain hair.
And made da mare
Ta swear:
'At she should never
Bide a' night
Whar ever she heard
O' Arthur Knight.

Source: County Folk-Lore, vol. 3: Examples of Printed Folk-Lore Concerning the Orkney & Shetland Islands, collected by G. F. Black and edited by Northcote W. Thomas (London: Folk-Lore Society, 1903), p. 145. 

Thursday, 2 September 2010

02.09.2010 bis


hereditaryadjectivea hereditary rightinheritedbequeathedwilledhanded-down,passed-downpassed-ontransferredancestralfamilyfamilial.a hereditary diseasegeneticcongenitalinborninheritedinbred,innatein the familyin the bloodin the genes.
I also have a line in my ear, just like my Father did, my Mother does,
and my Uncle. It poses a question: is it genetic, and then why do both
my parents have the same line, or, do we all sleep with our ears
folded on our pillows?

Digital Photographs of ear,without Red Earth, Seydisfjördur24.08.2010with Red Earth, Villanchern-CH02.08.2010



otheradjectivethese homes use other fuelsalternativedifferentdissimilardisparate,distinctseparatecontrasting.are there any other questionsmorefurtheradditionalextraadded,supplementary.
dictionary De En
German                     English
oder{conj} /o.; od./               or
oder aber                            or else
oder auch                           or perhaps

article form the Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
ancient Viadua
Polish and Czech Odra
River, northern Europe
article from the Encyclopædia Britannica
(...)Because of its geographic situation, the Oder was, in ancient times, of major importance as the zone where people inhabiting southern and northern Europe came into contact with each other and exchanged cultural values. (...)
ordernounalphabetical ordersequencearrangementorganizationdisposition,systemseriessuccessiongroupingclassificationcategorization,codificationsystematization.his tidy desk demonstrates his sense of ordertidinessneatnessorderliness,organizationmethodsystemsymmetryuniformityregularity;routine. ANTONYMS chaosdisarray.the police were needed to keep orderpeacecontrollaw (and order),lawfulnessdisciplinecalm(peace andquietpeacefulness,peaceableness.the equipment was in good orderconditionstaterepairshape.had to obey her orderscommandinstructiondirectivedirection,decreeedictinjunctionmandatedictatecommandmentrescript;lawruleregulationdiktatdemandbiddingrequirement,stipulationinformal say-soformal ordinanceliterary behest.ANTONYMS suggestion.the company has won the ordercommissioncontractpurchase order,requestrequisitionbookingreservation. ANTONYMS chaos.the lower orders of societyclasslevelrankgradedegreeposition,categorydated station.the established social order(class) systemhierarchypecking order,gradingrankingscale.the higher orders of insectstaxonomic groupclassfamilyspecies,breedtaxon.10 a religious ordercommunitybrotherhoodsisterhoodorganization,associationsocietyfellowshipfraternityconfraternity,congregationsodalitylodgeguildleagueunionclubsect.11 skills of a very high ordertypekindsortnaturevarietyquality,caliberstandard.