Saturday, 30 April 2011

30.04.2011 bis

performance documentation (milk)

... "In Christian Europe the old heathen custom of expelling the powers of evil at certain times of the year has survived to modern times. "...

... "In Central Europe the favourite time for expelling witches is, or was, Walpurgis Night, the Eve of May Day, when the baleful powers of these mischievous beings were supposed to be at their height. "...

... "The people believed that on that evening and night the witches were abroad and busy casting spells on cattle and stealing cows' milk"...

Source: The Golden Bough, a study in magic and religion, by Sir James George Frazer, first published 1922; pp560, pp620; Wordsworth Editions Ltd. 1993


... “Connected with St. Boniface and the early German martyrs and missionaries, in pictures, in architectural ornament, and in the stained glass of the German churches, we find two famous female saints, ST. Walburga and St. Ottilia.
The various names borne by the former saint, according to the various localities in which she has been honoured, in Bavaria, Alsace, Poitou, Flanders, and England, testify to her popularity ; - she is St. Walpurgis, Walbourg, Valpurga, Gualbourg, and Avamgour. Her Anglo-Saxon name, Walburga, is the same as the Greek Eucharis, and signifies gracious. …

… “Her death took place about the year 778.
Like many of the religious women of that time, Walpurgis had studied medicine for the purpose of ministering to the poor. The cures she performed, either through faith or skill, were by the people attributed solely to her prayers. After her death she was laid in a hollow rock, near the monastery of Eichstadt, a spot where a kind of bituminous oil exuded from the stone. This oil was for a long time supposed to proceed from her remains, and, under the name of Walpurgis oil, was regarded by the people as a miraculous cure of all manner of diseases.” …

.. “She died on the 25th February; but, in the German and Belgic calendars, the 1st of May, the day on which she was enshrined as a saint, is recorded as the chief festival, and it was solemnised as such over all Germany. On this night, the famous Walpurgist Nacht, the witches held orgies on the Blocksberg.” …

Source: Legends of the monastic Orders, as represented in the fine arts, by Mrs. Jameson, London 1852, pp 7, pp 78

Thursday, 28 April 2011


...  "The stories of the flying forth and riding about of magicians in the air, usually by night, but sometimes by day, appear in the fifteenth century, and are of old heathenish origin, and connected with women of bad character. Amongst the resolutions of the Council of Ancyra, in the middle of the fifteenth century, is one concerning women who profess to ride about at night on all kinds of beasts with Diana and Heroidas. ...
      Grimm, indeed, traces the general assemblies of witches for play and lewdness, for cooking and feasting, to an earlier period. The Salic laws speak of witch-kettles and witch-kettle-carriers. They held their assemblies especially at salt springs, and Tacitus himself says (Ann. xiii 57), "If the women or priestesses attend to the preparation of salt, the salt-kettles also stood under their care, and thus people of after ages connect the boiling of salt and witchcraft. On certain festival days the witches assembled in the sacred wood on the mountain, where the salt boiled up, bringing with them cooking vessels, spoons, and forks. Their salt-pans, however, were boiled at night. Halle in Austrian means Salzaha, Sala, or the huts at the salt-springs; whence the popular belief that fiends rode on besoms, oven-forks, or faggots, over bill and dale to Halle" (Grimm, 589). "

Source: The history of magic, Volume 2 By Joseph Ennemoser, 
translated from the German by William Howitt, London MDCCCLIV (1854)
pp 143

Tuesday, 26 April 2011


Black Fetish
photographic documentation (bay branch, black wool, needles)

Bay tree The Grecian laurel (Laurus nobilis). To the herbalist, the bay was an herb of the sun, under the celestial sign of Leo, and a protection against witches, the devil, thunder and lightning. Its root was used to open obstruction of the liver, spleen, and other inward parts, while the berries were effective against poison of venomous creatures and the pestilence and were an aid in treating consumption and coughs. According to Albertus Magnus a wolf's tooth wrapped in a bay leaf gathered in August will prevent anyone from speaking an angry word to the wearer. ...
... For pleasant dreams put bay leaves under your pillow. If burning bay leaves crack noisily, good luck will come; it is a bad sign for them to burn without snapping. In Britain the bay was long regarded as a symbol of resurrection, because a withered bay tree will revive from the roots.

Source: Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, and Legend, edited by Maria Leach,
Harper & Row, 1949, 1950, 1972

On the morning of 25th April 2011, Easter Sunday, I had a dream image: that of a bay branch (I had picked up one the day before) wrapped in black wool, alike "Fetish", and pierced with needles.
Latter on that same day, I learned that my mother had suffered a stroke. 
"Black fetish" has been started and completed while I wait for news. 

Sunday, 24 April 2011



IN the beginning there was nothing but God, and God slept and dreamed. For ages and ages did this dream last. But it was fated that he should wake up. Having roused himself from sleep, he looked round about him, and every glance transformed itself into a star. God was amazed, and began to travel, to see what he had created with his eyes. He travelled and travelled, but nowhere was there either end or limit. As he travelled, he arrived at our earth also; but he was already weary; sweat clung to his brow. On the earth fell a drop of sweat: the drop became alive, and here you have the first man. He is God's kin, but he was not created for pleasure: he was produced from sweat; already in the beginning it was fated for him to toil and sweat.

Source: Sixty Folk-Tales from Exclusively Slavonic Sources, by A.H. Wratislaw, [1890],pp 252; Serbian stories from Carniola, XLVII. THE ORIGIN OF MAN (Odkuda chovyek). 'The Neven', 1858, pp60  at

Monday, 18 April 2011


Nat (Night) Trails
photographic documentation

"Now Nat, which is Night, is the swarthy daughter of the Vana-giant Narve, "the Binder", whose other name is Mimer. Dark is her hair like all her race, and her eyes soft and benevolent. she brings rest to the toiler, and refreshment to the weary, and sleep and dreams unto all." ...

Source: Teutonic Myth and Legent, An introduction to the Eddas& Sagas, Beowulf, The Nibelungenlied, etc. by Donald A. MacKenzie, first published 1912
pp 31

Wednesday, 13 April 2011


Þráður Or, The Thread
Photographic documentation & Icelandic Postcard

Further information Peysuföt:The Peysuföt are black woolen clothes commonly worn by women in the 18-19th century. They usually consisted of a twill skirt and a jacket of fine knitted woolen yearn with a blacktail cap. It is believed that this costume was invented when women, desiring simpler working clothes than the faldbúningur, started to use male articles of clothing. This includes both the tail-cap and the peysa which originally was a jacket with a single row of buttons, but evolved in this costume and eventually discarded with the button